Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean and it covers an area of 9.251 sq. kms. It is located in the northernmost tip of the Mediterranean Sea, 300 kilometres north of Egypt, 90 kilometres west of Syria, and 60 kilometres south of Turkey. 360 kilometres to the northwest is the Greek island of Rhodes.
Cyprus’ coastline consists of long sandy beaches in the south and indented, rocky beaches in the north. Olive and carob trees line the north coastal plain, which is backed by the limestone Pentadaktylos mountain range, which rises to a height of 1.042 m. The Mount Olympus peak, which rises 1.953 metres above sea level, is the culmination of the vast mountain range of Troodos in the south, which is covered in pine, dwarf oak, cypress, and cedar. The lush Messaoria plain is located between the Troodos Mountain range and the Pentadaktylos mountain range. 46.8% of the island’s total area is made up of arable land. There are just torrents that pour after a lot of rain; there are no rivers.
The Republic of Cyprus has population of 952,000 from which the majority belongs to the Greek Cypriot community. Being the birthplace of Aphrodite and Adonis as well as the residence of King Cinyras, Teucer, and Pygmalion gives Cyprus a significant place in Greek mythology.
Cyprus has a Mediterranean climate with brief autumn and spring seasons in between hot, dry summers from June to September and moderate, wet winters from November to March. The year-round availability of sunshine is especially notable from April to September when the daily average exceeds eleven hours. Generally speaking, winds are light to moderate. Heavy storms are uncommon, and gales are extremely rare. Lowlands and the northern range rarely get snowfall, although the Troodos range sees snowfall frequently every winter on terrain above 1.000 metres. It attracts skiers during the coldest months because it is submerged for several weeks.